Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contact us Login 
  • Users Online:484
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 189-195

A study of spectrum of histopathological features in patients presenting with hyperpigmented skin lesions


Department of Pathology, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Hemalata Mahantappa
Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, BSK II Stage, Bengaluru - 560 070, Karnataka
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2321-4848.196195

Rights and Permissions

Background: Pigmentary problems are one of the most frequent causes for dermatologic consultation. For accurate diagnosis, histopathological examination is useful. Pathologic examination often serves as a complementary or a confirmative part of the clinical diagnosis. Objective: To study the pattern of hyperpigmented skin lesions and their histopathological features. Materials and Methods: We prospectively studied histopathological features of hyperpigmented skin lesions in all age groups attending the dermatology department of a teaching hospital over a 2-year period. The skin lesions included inflammatory, genetic, metabolic, and endocrine lesions but excluded neoplastic, infectious, and developmental lesions. Results: Of the 980 skin biopsies, 200 (20.4%) were hyperpigmented lesions. Lesions were most common in the second and third decades. Clinically, itching was the most common presentation. Most common biopsy confirmed hyperpigmented lesions included classical lichen planus and its variants (55%). Histopathologically, most lesions showed lichenoid/interface dermatitis. Most hyperpigmented skin lesions were epidermal (75%) with lichen planus pigmentosus being the only dermal hyperpigmented lesion. Conclusion: Classical lichen planus was the most common hyperpigmented lesion seen in our study. Histopathological examination is useful in accurate diagnosis of hyperpigmented skin lesions, particularly in those with unclear or overlapping clinical features.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed981    
    Printed7    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded87    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal