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MEDICAL EDUCATION
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 267-272

Utility of concept mapping as a tool to enhance metacognitive teaching and learning of complex concepts in undergraduate medical education


1 Division of Chemical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, National Health Laboratory Services, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town; Division Health Sciences Education, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
2 Division Health Sciences Education, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
3 Department of Educational Development and Research, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anthonio Oladele Adefuye
Division Health Sciences Education, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, PO Box: 339, Bloemfontein 9301
South Africa
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_165_19

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The inherent complexity in the nature of medical practice necessitates that medical practitioners have to be equipped with a sound foundation in their knowledge as well as in their ability to think, act, reflect, evaluate, and synthesize thoughts at the metacognitive level. Furthermore, medical students are required to learn meaningfully and become lifelong learners. Prior study has shown that medical students struggle to learn and understand complex concepts in the curriculum. Metacognitive skillfulness has been reported to influence the achievement of deeper understanding and promote transition from a dependent learning state to that of self-directed learner. Concept mapping (CM) is an example of such a metacognitive strategy that can promote meaningful learning through advanced critical thinking and improved reasoning in students. We believe that CM is an effective educational strategy that can be used to teach complex concepts in medical education and provide a proposal on how to effectively incorporate CM into a teaching curriculum for medical students.


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