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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12-17

Evaluation of analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and antiulcer effect of aqueous and methanol extracts of leaves of Polygonum minus Huds. (Polygonaceae) in rodents

1 Unit of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Bedong; School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
2 Unit of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Bedong, Malaysia
3 School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Parayil Varghese Christapher
Unit of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Bedong - 08100
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2321-4848.154919

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Background: Polygonum minus (Kesum) is an annual plant that grows throughout South East Asian countries. The Leaf of P. minus is commonly used as diet ingredient in Malaysia. Traditionally the decoction of leaves of this plant is used to treat stomach ache and digestive problems. The plant has known antioxidant activity, and its pharmacological properties are remaining unclear. Hence the study is planned to evaluate the analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiulcer and antipyretic activity of kesum. Materials and methods: P. minus leaves was extracted with methanol and distilled water by simple maceration. The dried extract was used for further phytochemical and pharmacological analysis. The analgesic effect of methanol and aqueous extract of P. minus was studied using acetic acid, tail immersion and formalin induced pain in rats. The anti-inflammatory effect of both extracts was studied using carrageenan induced paw edema in rats. The pyloric ligation model was used to study the antiulcer effect. The antipyretic effect was studied using Brewer's yeast induced pyrexia. Results: The percentage yield of aqueous and methanol extract of P. minus leaves were 1.15 and 2.57% w/w respectively. Both the extract showed significant analgesic effect against acetic acid writing, tail immersion and formalin induced pain methods, but the effect was not equivalent to that of standard. Aqueous extract showed significant anti-inflammatory action and methanol extract showed significant anti-ulcer effect. Conclusion: The aqueous extract of the P. minus has significant analgesic and anti-inflammatory action, whereas methanolic extract showed presence of analgesic and anti-ulcer activity. Both aqueous and methanolic extract did not show any significant antipyretic activity.

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