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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 212-217

Hospital pharmacy services in teaching hospitals in Nepal: Challenges and the way forward

1 Department of Pharmacology, Xavier University School of Medicine, Oranjestad, Aruba
2 Department of Pharmacy Practice, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates
3 Department of Clinical Pharmacology, School of Health Sciences, Council for Technical Education and Vocational Training, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal
4 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy, College of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal

Correspondence Address:
P Ravi Shankar
Xavier University School of Medicine, #23, Santa Helenastraat, Oranjestad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2321-4848.196212

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In Nepal, a developing country in South Asia, hospital pharmacies in teaching hospitals faces a number of challenges. Design and location of the pharmacy is inadequate, the pharmacy is often rented out to private parties, there may be a lack of separation of outpatient and inpatient pharmacy services, medicines are not selected based on objective criteria, too many brands are stocked, pharmaceutical care services are not provided, and pharmaceutical promotion is not regulated within the hospital premises. Furthermore, there is often a lack of pharmacy management software to help dispensing, continuing pharmacy education is not provided, medicines are not compounded or packaged in house, there are problems with medicines availability and medicine quality, and drug utilization studies are not linked with initiatives to promote the rational use of medicines. In this article, the authors examine these challenges and put forward possible solutions.

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